HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems are critical for maintaining a comfortable and healthy environment in your home. Deciding which is best for your home can be difficult with so many options on the market today. To help you make an informed decision, here are the basics about each type of residential HVAC system you can choose from:
Split systems are the most common type of HVAC system installed in homes. They consist of an outdoor unit and an indoor unit. The condenser is in the outdoor unit, while the evaporator coil and air handler are in the indoor unit. Split systems can either be air conditioners or heat pumps.
Air conditioners only provide cooling, while heat pumps offer heating and cooling. Split systems can be used in homes with ductwork, making them a popular choice for retrofitting. They work by moving heat from the outdoor unit to the indoor unit, which is either absorbed or released into your home.
Ductless Mini-Split Systems
Ductless mini-split systems work similarly to split systems but do not require ductwork. They have a unit outside, and one or more units inside that are mounted on walls or ceilings. The indoor units blow conditioned air directly into the room, making them an excellent option for rooms without ducts or homes without existing ductwork.
Ductless mini-split systems are also more energy-efficient than split systems because they do not lose energy through ductwork. They are also easy to install and can be customized to your home's specific needs.
Geothermal systems use the earth's natural heat to warm your home. They work by circulating water or a refrigerant through underground pipes, which absorb heat from the ground. The heated fluid is then brought to the surface to warm your home.
Geothermal systems are more expensive to install than traditional HVAC systems, but they are also more energy-efficient and can save you money on your energy bills in the long run. They are also more environmentally friendly, as they do not produce any harmful emissions.
Lastly, radiant systems use hot water or electric heating to warm your home. They work by heating your home's floors, walls, or ceilings, which then radiate heat into the room. Radiant systems cost more to set up than traditional heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, but they use less energy and heat the room more evenly and comfortably.
Contact a heating contractor in your area for more info.